Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre

Musical Acoustics



Subject Title: Musical Acoustics

Taught by: Prof. dr. Rytis Ambrazevičius

Acad. Cycle 

ECTS credits



Contact hours



1 semester



Year of study

Weekly lectures/seminars


1st - - - -

1 / 0

Initial knowledge in music theory and history.






10-point scale (midtermexam - 40%, exam - 60%)

Course goals:
• familiarize students with the acoustics of musical instruments, voice, androoms;
• develop practical computer acoustic anglysis skills, ability to interpret acoustic data of musical instruments, voice, androoms obtained.

Skills: Upon completing the course Musical Acoustics, the students will:
• be able to characterize acoustical functions of different parts ofmusicalinstruments (chordophones, aerophones, membranophones, idiophones) and to explain acoustical phenomena in the  instruments; to evaluate dependence of sound on constructive parameters of an instrument as well as to point out the essential constructive faults in certain cases;
• be able to characterize acoustical functions of different parts of vocal apparatus, acoustical phenomena of phonation, articulation, and their influence on voice timbre;
• be able to identify vowels from spectrograms, to construct and interpret F1-F2 charts, to analize features of consonants;
• be able to estimate the differences between speech and singing acoustics, to calculate frequency and amplitude of vibrato, to identifysinger’s form an tandindications of formint technique;
• be able to evaluate acoustics of a concerthall, its essential faults, and to sugest the ways of their removal.

Description: The course Musical Acoustics is aimed at familiarizing students with acoustics of a mariety of instruments – chordophone, aerophone, idiophone, membranophone and voice acoustics; as well as the specificities of acoustic of instruments and singing. Students are familiarized with phenomena affecting sound in rooms including concerthalls, criteria for good acoustics and ways to implement it.

Reading list:
1. Hall D. E. Musical Acoustics. PacificGrove, California, 2002.
2. Rossing T. D., Moore R. F., Wheeler P. A. The Science of Sound. San Francisco, 2002.
3. Sundberg J. The Science of the Singing Voice. Dekalb, Illinois, 1987.
4. HowardD. M., AngusJ. A. S.Acoustics and Psychoacoustics. Oxford, 2006.

5. RoedererJ. G. The Physics and Psychophysics of Music. AnIntorduction. NewYork, 2008.